The internet is a conglomeration of networks, connecting millions of computers and making the modern world accessible to anyone with an internet connection. However, the word internet is not a single entity. The internet comprises various networks, including the deep web, the dark web, and the public internet, i.e., the surface web. Most people think of the deep and dark web as the same thing; however, it's not the case. Let's put this to test: Deep Web vs. Dark Web - Which is the real internet, or is it all one thing? Don't worry; we've got you covered.
In this article, we'll discuss the difference between deep web and dark web, the pros and cons of deep web and dark web, and How Deep Web and Dark Web Work. Make sure you read this article until the end, as we will also reveal how these two terms are connected with the surface web in the modern world. Let's get started.
What is the Surface Web?
The surface web refers to the section of the internet that is accessible through traditional web browsers. The surface web comprises websites indexed by major search engines, such as Google and Bing. It is where you spend most of your time searching and connecting with people.
Websites like Netflix, YouTube, Gmail, Drive, etc., are common examples of the surface Web because they are visible to the public through normal browsers. The surface web is what most people think of when they think of the internet.
However, there's a lot more to the web than what's visible on the surface web - The Deep Web and the Dark Web. Let's clarify these two terms first so that later on, we can understand Deep Web vs. Dark Web concept much better.
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What is the Deep Web?
The deep web is a portion of the internet that is not accessible through normal web browsers. The deep web consists of content stored on internet pages and websites but has not been indexed by traditional internet search engines.
The deep web is not accessible through conventional internet browsers. To access the deep web, you need to use special software called a web crawler.
Web crawlers are programs that automatically navigate the internet and collect content from different websites. The majority of the web is made up of database testing and intranets.
The former includes password-protected file collections that cannot be accessed without the proper credentials. Internal network security for governments, educational institutions, and corporations are examples of the latter. Because these are sensitive and private information, they must be kept secure. It is used to grant access to a particular group of people.
What is the Dark Web?
The dark web is a portion of the web that is only accessible through special software, such as the Tor browser. It is the hidden section of the internet where all illegal activity occurs.
The Tor browser acts as a proxy between the user and the dark web, which allows users to access websites anonymously without being detected by third parties.
Although the darknet provides anonymity, a service was introduced that allowed someone to host a website on the darknet while remaining anonymous. This attracted people who engaged in illegal activities to sell goods without being caught.
One example is the Silk Road website, which was on the darknet known as TOR and was used to sell drugs before being shut down by the FBI.
Also Read: What is the Dark Web?
Deep Web vs. Dark Web - Working Idea
As mentioned earlier, the deep web is the portion of the internet that is not indexed by web crawlers. On the other hand, the dark web is defined as a subset of the deep web that can only be accessed with specialized software.
While the former is primarily used for legitimate day-to-day online activities, the latter is more anonymous and is notorious for illegal transactions.
Deep Web vs. Dark Web - Key Differences
The terms "Deep Web" and "Dark Web" are both puzzling, but they are not synonymous. While they are related, knowing the difference can keep you safe on the internet and make you more informed than others:
- The deep web is a section of the internet that is hidden and not visible to traditional search engines. The dark web is a hidden subset of the deep web.
- A password, encryption, or specialty software is required to access the deep web. While entering the dark section requires Tor Project or a similar browser.
- The Deep Web is larger than the Surface Web, while the Dark Web is a subset of the Deep Web with an unmeasurable size.
- Websites on the deep web are typically used for legitimate purposes that necessitate anonymity, whereas illegal activities are common on the dark web.
- The Deep Web contains all unindexed webpages, whereas the Dark Web contains a subset of unindexed webpages within the Deep Web. A VPN is required to access the Deep Web. However, you must be cautious when entering dark mode.
- Tracking visitors and locating dark web servers is impossible. However, Tor security flaws and incorrect server configurations can expose this information to those who want access.
- In contrast to the dark web, the deep web is not hidden because it is malicious. It's just a matter of privacy and relevance; users are less likely to find private databases (like government records) useful in their daily routines. Nobody wants others to be able to read their private emails with a few clicks, and that is why the deep web exists.
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Both sections of the web have numerous pros and cons as well, which make them even more interesting. Let's dig deeper to get more clarity.
Pros and Cons of Dark Web
1. Pros of Dark Web
- The Deep Web contains a wealth of information and knowledge. It has far more of the largest virtual libraries than you can imagine.
- Scientific data that has been kept hidden from the public eye can be easily found on the Deep Web by doing some research.
- Browsers that access the Dark Web, such as Tor, are safe because they ensure that your IP address is untraceable. Always use Tor in conjunction with an underlying VPN to increase security.
2. Cons of Dark Web
- The Dark Web is a haven for illegal drug and contraband trade activities. The Silk Road, one of the most well-known marketplaces for weapons, drugs, and other illegal items, was available on the Dark Web.
- On the Dark Web, child pornography is common. Hundreds of gigabytes of child porn are traded daily on the dark web. You should avoid such websites because participation in them is neither ethical nor moral.
Pros and Cons of Deep Web
1. Pros of Deep Web
- The Deep Web is a fascinating place where you can learn about interesting topics, find answers to your questions, and even make new friends. The Deep Web also contains a wealth of information and knowledge.
- It has far more of the largest virtual libraries than you can imagine. Scientific data that has been kept hidden from the public eye can be easily found on the Deep Web by doing some research.
2. Cons of Deep Web
- Deep Web search engines are slower than standard search engines because there is more content to analyse. Searching the Deep Web necessitates a more specific search string.
- Deep Web searches should be reserved for in-depth research, not simple questions and browsing. Deep Web searches may also return sensitive personal information from normally restricted databases, posing ethical quandaries and exposing individuals to fraud and identity theft.
- Further Risks: Exploring the Deep Web can be risky. Always think twice before clicking on any search results links. Because no governing body regulates the Deep Web, users have complete anonymity. They can engage in illegal activities such as trading copyrighted materials, selling narcotics, distributing child pornography, and negotiating for other criminal acts.
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Wrapping Up - Deep Web vs. Dark Web
Hence, with the help of the above content, you must've been clear of the Deep Web vs. Dark Web concept. Think of it as an iceberg with a different section - the ice, the water, and the deeper side of the water.
Here, the surface web can be considered the ice since it is open to the naked eye. On the other hand, the water represents the deep web, and the deeper water is the dark web.
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