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Test Plans: What They Are and Why You Need One For Better QA?

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Test plans are referred to as a detailed document describing the test strategy and the test objectives; this interval estimation delivers some of the important resources that are required to perform tests for any software product. The objective of the test plan is to help a company determine the consignment of efforts needed to examine and validate the quality of any software product through different tests. The test plan is a clear software test plan template for carrying out software testing operations as a defined procedure, which the test manager closely monitors and controls.

Definition of software test plans as per ISTQB

The software test plan or test plan is a draft for carrying out software testing activities according to a set of instructions, which the test manager closely monitors and manages.

Why is it important to carry out Test Plans?

Initiating test plans and documentation comes with many benefits and after results which are listed below. Let us acknowledge some of the points.

  • Assist those standing outside of the test team in understanding the details of testing, such as developers, business managers, and customers.
  • Our thinking is guided by the Test Plan and It's similar to a set of rules that must be followed.
  • Important components of the test plan, such as test estimation, test scope, and Test Strategy, are recorded so that the Management Team can examine it and reuse it for new projects.

How to write a Test plan or create software test plans templates?

As we all already know that the most important duty in the Test Management Process is to create a successful Test Plan and to do so, follow the seven steps below.

Analyze the product

A product cannot be put on a test until given information about it, so the answer is quite simple as you must learn about any product thoroughly before putting it for testing. Guru99 is a banking website that is being tested. You should research your clients and end-users to learn about their wants and expectations from the app.

  • Who will be the target audience for the website?
  • What is the purpose of it?
  • How is it going to work?

Design the Test Strategy

To design a test strategy is a crucial part of the software test plan. As it's already stated that the test strategy document is a highly important document that is generated by the test manager who is responsible for its functioning. This document defined the project testing objective is and the aim that it aims to target. It also determines what the testing cost would be and the motive behind the efforts.

Following listed below are the steps to follow for developing a test strategy.

Step 1. define the scope of testing:

Before taking the scope of testing it should be very well known in advance. This means that all the components to be tested are to be defined as “in scope”  and those that will not be tested also need to be defined as  “out of scope”. You can call these test plans and test cases. Defining the scope of a testing project is considered to be crucial especially for all the stakeholders that include,

1. Providing accurate information on the testing that is being carried.

2. The entire team and the project members will have a clear picture and understanding of what is being tested and what is not.

Step 2. Identifying Testing Type:

A Testing Type is a conventional test technique that produces a predictable result. Each sort of testing is designed to find a certain type of bug in a product. However, all types of testing are targeted towards the same goal: "early discovery of all problems before releasing the product to the consumer." For software testing, there are a number of testing types available to choose from. Your team will not be able to handle all types of testing with appropriate effort.

  • For web application testing, which testing types should be prioritized?
  • Which kind of testing should be skipped to save money?

Step 3. Risks and Issues related to the documents:

Risk is an unpredictable future event that has a 50% chance of occurring incorporated with potential for loss. When the risk materializes, it becomes a 'problem.' You already learned about the 'Risk' analysis and identified potential dangers in the project in the article Risk Analysis and Solution that can also hamper your quality assurance test plans. You will document those risks in the QA Test Plan.

Step 4: Create Test Logistics: 

During the procedure of Test Logistics, the Test Manager has to answer the following questions that include.

  • Who will Test?

You may or may not know the name of the responsible testers who will be carrying out the test but the type of testers can be defined. To Pick the right member for any specified task it becomes very important to see if he or she has his skills qualified enough to carry the task or not.

  • When will the Test Occur?

The test activities that have been fixed must go along with all the associated development activities. You can only carry forward this test when you have all the required items ready along.

Define the Test Objectives 

The test objective is the actual aim that is being targeted for carrying out this test execution. It's very well clear and known that the main objective for conducting the testing is to catch on to as many software defects as possible to ensure that the software is bug-free before being made live to the public.

Define Test Criteria

Defining the Test criteria is a rule that is implemented before performing any test plan which is based on two types of criteria that have been given. Suspension Criteria and the Exit criteria are the two such types of Criteria for conducting any test.

Resource Planning: A resource plan is a comprehensive list of all resources needed to fulfil a given assignment. Human resources, as well as the equipment and materials required to complete a job, are all resources. Resource planning is a crucial aspect of test planning since it helps determine the number of resources (employees, equipment, etc.) that will be used for the project. As a result, the Test Manager can create an accurate project plan and estimate test plans and test cases.

Plan Test Environment: A test environment is simply a setup created with Software and Hardware on which the responsible testing team carries the test planning and cases. This so-called test environment involves real businesses and user environments as well as physical environments just like servers and front and running environments.

Schedule & Estimation: Before carrying out any test plan it becomes very essential to schedule the date on which the test plan gonna happen and what estimation has been decided and whether or not the estimation goes along or not with the project.

Conclusion

Now we come to sum up this write-up about the software test plan where we discussed several aspects and plans that need to be considered before conducting any software test plan. A series of activities are lined up before the software test plans are set to motion and that should be considered without fail.

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