QA processes : Main Stages, Steps, and Tools
Quality Assurance is considered a key aspect of product development. It is a necessary part of the project and needs careful planning, preparation, and engagement. This post shows you how the quality assurance process is built and what activities it includes to know exactly how the QA team tests your product.
Before getting into it, let’s find out you need a QA team on a project and the benefits this cooperation could bring.
What is the Purpose of the QA Testing Process?
While developing short projects or building an MVP for verifying the business idea, some startups believe in quality checks performed by developers. As a result, such teams get stuck in endless bug fixes with a product that becomes very difficult to maintain, support, or develop further.
QA testing steps performed by a team of professional quality assurance engineer is necessary if you want to:
Reduce development costs
The cost of defects detected early is probably lower than the cost of tickets detected after the release. In addition, by incorporating QA activities at the early stages of the product, you can save up to 30% on bug fixes.
Simplifying the development process
QA engineers engage in development from the very beginning. They positively influences essential development decisions, foresee defects and bugs, and offers some workable solutions to avoid them.
Creating a flawless product
The main aim of a QA team is to help you to create a seamlessly working product for providing our customers with the best possible user experience.
How Will the QA Team Test Your Product?
In this section, there is a detailed step-by-step description of how the quality assurance process is built using RubyGarage. This workflow depends on the steps to automate a manual testing process in QA.
Step 1: Examine the specifications
Prerequisites the method of studying and discovering functional and non-functional product specifications is known as elicitation. Quality assurance engineers analyze product specifications and product prototypes (if they already exist) to find any issues with the standards during this process.
A team will use this method to ensure that all specifications are transparent, traceable, and testable. A QA team can make a list of bugs or changes relevant to those specifications after compiling and reviewing them.
Step 2: Make a research plan
A test plan is a paper created by a QA team in collaboration with the client and production team. A quality assurance committee decides on the nature of testing, required equipment, testing conditions, testing goals, key suspension and departure requirements, test deliverables, and a testing timetable when designing a test plan.
A research plan is one of the most important documents in the QA testing steps. It gives you the ability to:
- Ensure that the finished product meets the company’s requirements. A test schedule outlines all quality specifications and the research procedures that will be carried out to ensure that the product satisfies them all.
- Get a clearer handle on the research process. The customer should address all the steps to do in QA and deliverables that the team is responsible for and contact networks and meeting frequency. Clients can keep up with their QA team’s speed and be mindful of their latest activities by receiving monthly updates and attending daily online meetings.
- Establish practical periods. A QA team calculates the nature of work and incorporates it into a research strategy, including the period, cost, and scheduling for all testing activities.
Step 3: Build a test case or a checklist
The QA team will begin developing test cases or checklists until the scope of work and all specifications have been established. For each test to validate the performance of a software product, test cases characterize the test inputs, execution conditions, and predicted outcomes.
Top QA companies employ highly skilled quality assurance experts who utilize meticulously design steps to ensure that a software product is bug-free and functions as intended from the end user’s perspective.
A checklist is a condensed version of a test case that includes all potential activities a user could do within a given piece of software. Checklists are less time-intensive to build and execute than test cases.
Step 4: Executing test cases or checking off checklists
When test cases or checklists are complete, QA engineers begin testing API and UI features. Automation testers use special systems, including Selenium, Cucumber, RSpec, and Capybara, to execute automated test scripts, while manual testers test cases or go through checklists.
Quality assurance engineers enter information about any bug and the circumstances under which it was discovered into a fault monitoring system when operating test cases or completing checklists. As a result, developers will be able to begin addressing bugs as quickly as possible.
Step 5: Retesting and regression checking of fixed bugs
When developers patch bugs, quality assurance engineers double-check all of the fixes. Testers must ensure that a flaw has been patched and that a certain piece of functionality is working properly. Regression testing is another verification that QA testers do during this process.
Regression checking ensures that bug patches don’t introduce new vulnerabilities or cause current code to be distorted. We use autotest at RubyGarage to speed up regression testing and maintain product reliability.
Step 6: Reporting
The QA team issues a test report with a list of all completed testing tasks and final test results after each implementation iteration. Clients may use regular reviews to monitor the testing process and get a clearer understanding of the overall product standard and make educated choices about whether to release a product.
Types of Testing to Perform
A QA team must determine which forms of testing are better to do manually and which are better to do automatically to increase the performance of steps to do in QA. By dividing testing tasks into manual and automatic evaluations, testers may reduce the amount of time and effort needed for each task.
Below is a list of testing types that the RubyGarage QA team performs manually:
A QA team can significantly improve testing quality, minimize testing cost, shorten time to market, expand test scope, and more by automating the following forms of testing. The RubyGarage QA team runs the following experiments automatically:
The workflow we discussed in this post is built on best practices and aims to find all bugs early in the product life cycle, speed up the testing process, and increase the productivity of a QA team.
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