All software is required to be tested before it is released for users. Software testing is a significant process of the software development life cycle as it guarantees good quality e deliverables to the users. Testing is a thing that every company focuses on, and many of them prefer automation testing over manual testing. In the manual testing process, the testing team produces different test cases and manually tests every feature. If a defect is found, the developers will then report who will then fix the errors. Again the process is continued until a defect-free version of the product is attained.
Manual testing is very time-consuming, and managing the process is also very complicated as it requires planning, bug tracking, and reliability analysis. Automation Testing often automates repetitive testing by using testing software and by improving the quicker, cheaper and more efficient production methods. While automation Testing is still new, enterprises are looking forward to standardizing their testing set-ups to officially automate their legacy, desktop, web, and mobile applications with a single tool. The test automation framework appears and helps in standardizing their test automation assets independent of the tools being used.
What are Test Automation frameworks?
Test Automation frameworks are nothing but a collection of tools and methods to support automated testing of any application. Various functions like libraries, test data, and various reusable modes used are integrated by it.
Significance of automation framework in software testing
The framework promotes automation testing as a technical implementation guideline. For instance, let’s consider the testing team includes members based on different Automation Testing codes. They cannot grass common pieces of code and script updated by a team member within a project.
The best test automation frameworks offer the benefits of reusing the code in various scenarios, but it also helps the team write down the test script in a standard format. The test automation framework can handle all the issues. Moreover, there are many other benefits of using automation framework testing as listed below:
- Maintaining a West define strategy across the test suites
- The enhanced speed at which testing progresses
- Maintaining the test code will be easy
- We can test the URL or application accurately
- We can also achieve continuous testing of coding and delivery
A test automation framework could help us execute the same test script multiple times with different builds for examining the application and validating the output. It will be better to avoid automated testing for functionality, which could be used only once since building the automation script itself is time-consuming.
Types of test automation framework
Open source test automation frameworks have their architecture, advantages, and disadvantages. Here are some of these frameworks:
- Linear Automation Framework
- Modular Driven Framework
- Behaviour Driven framework
- Data-Driven Framework
- Keyword-Driven Framework
- Hybrid Testing Framework
Linear Automation Framework
In the testing of small systems, the linear automation framework is widely used. It is also called a record and playback system.
Pros: No special code has to be written, and experience is not required in test automation.
Cons: The data in the test script is hardcoded, and thus different sets cannot run the test cases. If the data is changed, we must make certain improvements.
Modular Driven Framework
In this framework, the tester will use the whole program to build a test script module by splitting it down into smaller modules according to the client’s specifications and generating specific test scripts.
Pros: Modular managed structure guarantees the delivery and scalability of scripts. We can write independent test scripts.
Cons: The modular managed frame takes extra time to evaluate test cases and define reusable flows.
Behavior Driven Development Framework
The Behaviour Based Development Framework offers a forum that encourages any person to engage actively, such as Developers, Testers, market analysts, etc. It also strengthens communication between the tester and the project developers.
Pros: We can render test parameters for this behaviour-driven test using a non-technical, natural language.
Cons: Appropriate strategies and prior expertise with test-driven production are needed to work in this system.
Data-driven Testing Framework
Test Data is typically read from external directories, such as Excel Files, Text Files, CSV Files, ODBC Sources, DAO Objects and loaded to the Test Script variables. The data-driven framework allows us to build scripts for test automation by transferring various test data sets.
Pros: Decreases the necessary number of scripts. Therefore, in fewer codes, many examples can be checked.
Cons: A sufficiently skilled tester should be able to make good use of the architecture of this platform in different programming languages.
The Keyword-Driven Testing Framework
Often known as table-driven testing, the keyword-driven testing framework is used for small projects or frameworks only. The test scripts performed for automation are based on the keywords provided in the Excel Project document.
Pros: We can use a single keyword in several test scripts such that the code can be reused.
Cons: The initial set-up cost is high and long, and difficult.
The Hybrid Test Automation Frameworking
The hybrid framework is used for incorporating the advantages of the Data-Based and Keyword Structures.
Pros: This type gains from all sorts of structures associated with it.
Cons: Experiments in a hybrid research environment are fully scripted, so automating commitment is improved.
We can effectively use all these open-source test automation frameworks for handling the code systematically that can be reviewed by a third person easily. We can also choose the framework as per our project requirements, team expertise, time, and budget. Best test automation frameworks also boost productivity with standardization. We can guarantee maximum test coverage in our development process by adopting the framework.