Automation test frameworks provide a collection of best policies, collaborative tools, and libraries that allow quality assurance testers to evaluate multiple web and mobile device functions, stability, usability, and functionality. That is one reason why hundreds of test automation framework enter the tech industry. While teams may create elaborate automated test systems, typically, there is little need to expend money, resources, and personal time. We can use current open source software, libraries, and test frameworks that can produce equivalent or even better outcomes. Additional explanations for using current open-source automation test frameworks are:
- Easy to maintain
- In need of minimum manual intervention
- Stable in a volatile environment
How to Select A Test-Automation Framework?
Because different organizations have different requirements, it isn’t easy to define what we want in a test automation environment. However, some of the main conditions are described in a test automation system for most organizations.
- The facility in the creation of scripts: A test system would support agile methods and short iterations.
- Compatibility of cross-teams: Since software testing is not limited to a particular group, a test frame needs to be role-compatible and include feedback from both production and QA tests.
- Multiple language compatibility: Language support for various application frameworks should be included in the specification. In other words, Objective-C/Swift for iOS, Java for Android, and all other coding languages important to the work must be assisted by a testing environment.
- Support for emerging application features: A test specification for open-source testing could be periodically revised so that testing framework gaps are eliminated and remain consistent with the current operating system capabilities.
Open Source Automation Test Framework
It could not be easy to pick the organization’s right test automation system. Below are some of the top open-source business automation tools and frameworks to assist us in assessing your needs and narrowing our choices.
Appium is an open-source automated test framework designed for testing mobile apps based on a WebDriver protocol. It is designed around uniformity so that we can write tests with the same APIs on different platforms.
- Removes the need to recompile the software
- Offers different language and structures to choose from for research
- Allows testers to develop and maintain element databases
- Supports reusable (node.js) programming and testing in iOS, Linux, and Windows test suites
Carina is a popular Java-based Selenium test-automation system. Although the app engineers, QA, and the testing framework is not based on a particular stack, test automation code for iOS and Android could be reused 70% of the time.
- Unite the test layers in one single application, namely smartphone and hybrid apps, desktop applications, REST providers, and even databases
- Supports rational as well as non-rational databases (MySQL, Oracle, and SQL Servers) (MySQL, Oracle, and SQL Servers)
- Allows the FreeMarker template engine possible for testers to create REST requests
Galen is the test automation framework that works if the test-automation activities are specifically directed at optimizing the user experience (UX). Galen specifically allows for UX testing with precise syntax to validate and check our smartphone or web testing framework.
- Allows us to define the size of browser windows to run layout tests
- Generates comprehensive heatmap analyses of extensive HTML reports
The lightweight and cross-platform Gauge, a relatively recent method of test automation. It is a plug-in architecture intended to be used in any language, IDE, and ecosystem.
- Provide simple setup; a single command frame can be set up and worked.
- Runs automation texts in plain language syntax
- Supports several expanded plug-ins with a modular architecture
- Creates clear markdown text documentation, i.e., without any complex structure
Katalon can be considered if we are looking for a simple but comprehensive automated test framework. It is an open-source test platform supporting automation testing for Network, Smartphone, and API frameworks.
- Extended multi-script support, including Groovy & Java Support
- Promotes implementation of Jira
- Generates test scripts automatically for the review and documentation of Web activities and the capture of associated objects (RPA)
6. Robot Framework
We cannot go wrong with the robot framework if we require a Python-based test automation framework. Although standardized in acceptability-test-driven development (ATDD), the Robot Platform for app developers and QA testers is considered a mature approach. The primary feature of this UI test framework is its keyword approach to read and write tests quickly.
- Provides rich API, generic text library, and tools integration
- Checks countless things, such as blogs, FTP, MongoDB, Linux, Apium, etc.
- It is implemented in Jython (Java) and IronPython (.NET), while it is centered in Python
- Tabled data syntax supports
Selenium is undoubtedly the most popular web-based open-source web testing framework. We can write multi-language test scripts as it is cross-compatible. It is the reason why Selenium is the basis for a wide variety of test software and UI test framework.
- It is extremely specialized since a wide-range of APIs and languages such as Java, Python,.NET, C#, Ruby, and more are implemented.
- It is combined with a Selenium IDE playback platform that helps test writers without reading particular scripts.
- It is multiplatform, running, and browser friendly.
Serenity is an open-source Java-based test-automation application that supports automated acceptance and regression testing writing. This framework is formerly known as Thucydides. Serenity might be a good way to simplify software testing if we are looking for a platform that can be implemented quickly in computerized production (BDD).
- Enables the abstraction of the boilerplate code to allow BDD and selenium checks.
- We can assess many scenarios at a high level while keeping lower records
- Comes with pre-built features such as WebDriver management, Jira integration, a parallel process running, and more
We can not go wrong with Testproject.io if we’re new to automation test frameworks and search for a free site with a robust community. It is based on two open-source platforms (Selenium and Appium) to enable new testers to conduct widely used automation experiments.
- It makes seamless sharing with testers around the world of app testing and APIs
- Includes functionality including test logging, the global automation grid, and automation building blocks to support modern programming QA testers
These are 8 open source automation test framework that can be used.
Also Read: Types Of Test Automation Frameworks