Manual Testing Tutorial: Types and Concepts
Manual Testing is a type of software testing wherein the testing phase is conducted by a tester manually without any automated tools being used. The object of Manual Testing Tutorial is to identify in the software application the bugs, problems, and defects. The most basic method of all forms of testing is manual software testing and it helps to detect important software application bugs.
Before their testing can be automated, any new application must be manually reviewed. Manual Software Testing concepts take more effort, but the viability of automation must be tested. The principles of Manual Testing do not require knowledge of any testing method. 100 percent Automation is not possible” is one of the software testing fundamentals. This makes it imperative for manual research.
During the testing process, test suites or cases are planned and should have 100 percent test coverage. It also guarantees that the identified defects are corrected by developers and that the fixed defects have been re-tested by testers. This testing tests the system’s consistency and delivers the consumer with a bug-free product. If the test engineer conducts manual testing, the software may be checked as an end-user viewpoint and become more familiar with the product, allowing them to write the application’s right test cases and provide the application’s fast feedback.
This Manual Testing Tutorial covers the following FAQ’s:
- How Manual testing works?
- What are the pros and cons of Manual testing?
- What are the manual testing tools of 2020
How Manual Testing Works?
Before starting the process, every testing concept will have a goal. Because of its advantages, manual testing is one of the most widely used methods on the market. The idea and the method of work play a vital role because it helps to produce mistakes.
The core principle of manual checking focuses on the application without mistakes. So from time to time, it begins and finishes with a particular set of functional specifications. Every manual testing concept will have a goal before starting the process. Manual testing is one of the most commonly used tools on the market because of its benefits. Since it tends to produce errors, the idea and the system of work play a critical role.
Without errors, the central theory of manual checking focuses on the submission. So it starts and finishes with a particular collection of functional requirements from time to time.
The testing techniques that are carried out manually during the test life cycle are as follows:
- Acceptance Testing
- White Box Testing
- Black Box Testing
- Unit Testing
- System Testing
- Integration Testing services
Manual testing helps users to implement automation software and processes with support. Any app or website has a particular set of features. To understand the work process, some of the features need a manual test. A simple parameter is manual testing services since they contain some serious errors. Understanding the work process in the system plays a critical role. Finding bugs is an essential aspect of testing since it helps to repair them in a short time.
What are the pros and cons of Manual Testing?
A few of the significant benefits and drawbacks of manual testing are described in this manual testing tutorial:
|An app’s manual testing detects most of the problems, including that of the app’s design aesthetic problems.||It’s a time consuming process|
|The technician can easily obtain visual components such as text, layout, and other components, and UI and UX problems can be identified.||Using a manual test, it is not easy to find size differences and color combinations of GUI objects.|
|Typically, since we do not use any instruments or high-level expertise, it has a low running cost.||In manual tests, load testing and performance testing are inefficient.|
|In the case that we make any unscheduled improvements to the application as it is adaptable, it is well adapted.||If there are a large number of tests, then it is a very time-consuming task to manually run tests.|
|In the case of manual tests, individuals can observe, assess, and even have insight, and this is effective when it comes to a client or rich client experience.||Test cases conducted using manual testing are time-consuming.|
Manual testing tools
The top 10 manual testing tools to look out for in 2020 are listed below.
Selenium is one of the popular web-based open source testing tools which offers web applications with a compact software testing platform. One does not need to learn the language of test scripting, but Selenium offers the test authoring playback tool instead. Because of the feature, it is simple, fast, and simple to use. It also offers a language unique to the test domain.
JMeter is a famous open-source program and one of the most popular. This is designed to calculate and analyze both results and functions as a pure Java program. It was initially intended for web-based applications and has now since been expanded to other test functions. For both static and dynamic tools and software, JMeter can be used.
Loadrunner is a tool from Micro Emphasis for software testing. Via Loadrunner, one can test performance, device behavior, and applications under load. It is now obtained by HP and interactions between user interfaces will trigger user activities. It also tracks and analyses the application’s primary components. Many still use this instrument for their software testing due to its ability to stimulate user behaviors between interfaces.
Quality Center (ALM)
Quality Center, formerly known as HP Quality Center, provides software quality assurance for IT and applications, including test management and business processes. It is a subsidiary of HP and has been purchased by Mercury Interactive Corporation. As far as user statistics are concerned, it is very simple and user-friendly.
For many years, Bugzilla has been among the leading bug monitoring software. It is very simple and easy to use with a web-based GUI. It gives assurance of quality and is easy to use. This is an open-source platform and the instrument can be downloaded and used free of charge by anyone.
Thus, throughout this manual testing tutorial, we can say that manual testing is an activity in which the tester must be very careful, imaginative & open-minded. Manual testing is an important part of the production of user-friendly apps since humans are involved in testing software applications and humans are also end-users. With an End User view, they need to think and act.
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